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Located at the northeastern end of Ocean County, New Jersey, the Borough of Point Pleasant lies nearly 35 miles east of Trenton, the state capitol.
Along the New Jersey coast, our borough finds itself straddling the 2 mile Point Pleasant Canal, a significant section of the U.S. Intracoastal Waterway. 90 miles would take one south to Cape May and traveling 30 miles would float one north to Sandy Hook. The Point Pleasant Canal is the northernmost point from which a vessel could travel inland along the Eastern Seaboard of the United States from here a boat could travel to Florida and beyond without entering the more hazardous Atlantic Ocean.
Within the borough's boundary lay approximately 4.2 square miles, comprising a population of 19,306 people at a density of about 5,461 people per square mile. Ocean County averages about 800 pp sq. mi. while New Jersey averages about 1,100 pp sq. mi. The country averages slightly more than 80 pp sq. mi.
Water borders most of the town. To the north, the Manasquan River separates Point Pleasant from Brielle. The Point Pleasant Canal bisects the borough. To the west, Beaver Dam Creek and its freshwater swamp buffers us from Brick Township. To the south, is Barnegat Bay and the town of Bay Head, and to our east sits our sister community of Point Pleasant Beach.
Bisecting Point Pleasant along an east-west line State Route 88 is a two lane roadway. The borough receives significant traffic from several county roads. Bay Avenue runs north-south. Bridge Avenue runs east-west. Herbertsville Road runs northwest-southeast. River Road parallels a block south of the Manasquan River. Beaver Dam Road is a continuation of Herbertsville Road running south from its intersection with Route 88. Near the town borders, State Routes 35 and 70, as well as County Route Princeton Ave., provide additional ingress and egress with the surrounding communities. The Garden State Parkway (North-South) and Route I 195 (East-West) are easily reached within ten minutes of the town.
Two mass transportation networks operate in or near Point Pleasant Borough. A commuter railroad has stations within 1 mile of the borough with regular runs to points north.
Bus lines follow Route 88 to a major terminal in Lakewood, 9 miles away. With the addition of the borough's own free bus system, no person in the town need walk more than 1/2 mile or 10 minutes to gain access to mass transportation.
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The Environmental Commission Paleo-studies knows' of no significant fossil finds in the borough as of this writing. However, unconfirmed reports indicate the presence of Indian materials in the area of Maxson Avenue at the River.
Water forms the life blood of Point Pleasant Borough. Almost twenty miles of shoreline, including numerous lagoons, encompass the borders of the town. Mostly salt water, our rivers, creeks, and bays found use for transportation and as a food sources. Today, though still used somewhat as a source of food, recreational uses predominate.
Subsurface waters, located in water bearing formations called aquifers, supply the town with its potable drinking water. Presently the town obtains its water from the Kirkwood, Englishtown, and Raritan-Magothy Aquifers. (Preservation of these three aquifers is vital to the interests of the people. Since these aquifers originally receive their rainwater for recharging out of the town, it is essential we focus on their protection in communities where they outcrop). Our water table, that area immediately below our soils capable of bearing water, is restricted to watering lawn and gardens, as contamination from our surface activities and its limited size eliminates it as a clean water source.
Due to the high degree of urbanization, the borough accomplishes drainage with few exceptions, via a system of in-road collectors and pipelines. Unfortunately, the more paving in the community, the less of this water enters our water table and the more of it ends up dumped into our tidal waters and wasted. In the process of being collected and transported off our lands, the water collects and absorbs numerous pollutants. If we are to achieve environmental security, these pollutants must either be dealt with at their source or before dispersal into our waterways.
Average Yearly Temperature - 52° F
Average Winter Temperature - 34.5° F
Average Summer Temperature - 74.6°F
Average Yearly - 46 inches
Average Monthly (Winter) - 3.5 inches
Average Monthly (Spring) - 3.8 inches
Average Monthly (Summer) - 4.5 inches
Average Monthly (Fall) - 3.7 inches
9mph from Southeast
Growing Season (Frost-free)
3/25 - 11/20, 225 days
Growing Season (Hardy Vegetables)
2/28 - 12/15, 280 days
Our part of the outer coastal plain emerged from beneath the sea about ten thousand years ago. As they were built from sediments, most subsurface materials consist of various quartz sands, gravels, and clays. No significant rock or pseudo-rock materials outcrop in the town, although in the highlands near the Brick border, occasional small pieces of bog iron sandstone (limonite) are sometimes unearthed.
Most of the area's underlying sediments were reworked from those of the shoreline, which were originally derived from mountains to the west and north and delivered by the ancient Delaware, Schuylkill and Hudson Rivers, and littoral currents.
As a part of the Outer Coastal Plain of New Jersey, most of the town has little relief or slope. One may find several significant bluffs along the Manasquan River where slopes increase to the point that require special protective practices in order to insure the maintenance of their integrity. Near the Brick Twp. border, along the area of Summit Dr. and Crestview Terrace, two hill tops cap the heights of the town. The taller of the two stands 76 feet above sea level. Again, these 40' to 50' slopes need special protective procedures.
The Kirkwood Formation Soils supply our geologic surface. Though built by sediments over a similar period of time, environmental controls (i.e. location to water, depth, vegetation, man) altered the sediments to form eight soil varieties. Soils exist as that part of the earth's crust composed of fragmented rock particles mixed with decomposed organic matter and leached by water movements to form narrow bands or horizons. Where these horizons don't occur near the surface, it usually shows that man has filled in lowland.
The Lenni Lenape
By Location, Point Pleasant Borough has been enveloped by man since the time of the Indian. As a summer site for their seashore activities, much of Point Pleasant potentially entertained Indian habitation before the white man. Unfortunately, due to the massive suburbanization in town, few of these Indian archaeological sites will ever be found. One unconfirmed location is the hospital's riverside parking lot nearest Maxson Avenue. Individuals have occasionally picked up artifacts on that bluff, but with the developments there now, we expect no further items to turn up.
These Indians, according to local folklore, sent women and children to Squaw Island, (better known as Osborn or Treasure Island). There, they apparently were protected from other marauding bands of hostile Indians. However, since the Lenni-Lenape were known as a passive tribe and the nearest hostiles were quite a distance, we expect the island was more a place to keep the children from wandering, than a defensive haven.
Indians used our area as a base from which to collect fishes, shellfishes, and crustaceans. Here, they dried their bounty for use back at their interior inland home-sites. In a way, they were our first tourists.
The early white man's involvement centered on the Manasquan River. As a site for transportation into the interior, using the river or travel to the settlements of the Hudson and Raritan Valleys, using the ocean inlet, our area presented certain unique qualities.
Point Pleasant Borough served as a port for interior blast furnaces; a farmland for settlers; an overland portal to the Upper Barnegat Bay; a location for essential salt-works, and an ideal boat building center.
Several of the historically significant sites in our borough include, the Johnson boat works, the Point Pleasant Canal, the Slade Dale Area of Beaver Dam Creek (Hayboat Industry), and the late 1800 - early 1900 homes of Arnold, Ellison, Davis and Trenton Avenues.